Broad membership and deep cooperation of states

Essay about broad membership and deep cooperation of states

Essay Question

Some treaties and international organizations have broad membership with many different states; others have few members. Under what conditions can international agreements be both broad in their membership and demand deep cooperation of states? Does the answer depend on the issue or problem being solved? Illustrate your argument with two example treaties / IOs from different issue areas (e.g. environmental, security, economic, human rights).



Compose a 5 to 6 page essay with your answer. Please do not discuss your essay with other students; you may ask the Professor or Teaching Assistant questions. Please and the Word document template and follow all formatting requirements. DO NOT SUBMIT THE TEMPLATE ITSELF; REPLACE TEMPLATE TEXT WITH YOUR ESSAY.

Due Date and Submission

Your essays are due in electronic format on Friday May 22, 2020 at 11:59PM via Canvas.


You must type your essay using 12 point font, double-spacing, one-inch margins, and page numbers. Clearly indicate your student ID number on the first page of each essay. Do not include your name; only your student ID number. If you have any formatting questions, please ask Ginger. We will automatically deduct 5 points from any essay that does not meet the formatting requirements.


Please include citations in your essays. Use “Chicago Style” format. Here are a couple examples of how you should use in-text citations:

“Some scholars argue that governments have a general propensity to comply with international agreements (Chayes & Chayes 1993). But this argument has two problems….”

“International cooperation is not always a good thing; sometimes countries coordinate in ways that create inefficient outcomes. For example, Blaydes (2004) argues that the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a cartel which coordinates to keep oil prices high.”

The Chicago Manual of Style is a helpful reference if you don’t know how to use citations properly. It is available online and in the UC Davis library. Include a single list of references (Works Cited) for your essay.

Your sources should be the assigned readings from the course. You do not need outside sources but it is okay if you want to include one. If you choose to include outside sources (e.g. books, journal articles) make sure they are reliable and cite them correctly. Wikipedia is not a source. Lecture slides are not a source. Do not cite “class.” We will automatically deduct 5 points from any essay that does not correctly cite sources.

Answer preview

International agreements are understandings that several countries make to address different purposes. The common types of international agreements are multilateral and bilateral. Whereas bilateral agreements are between two nations, multilateral agreements are between many countries. The motivation to enter multilateral agreements can be commercial purposes, security reasons, or the need to safeguard human rights. The ability of the multilateral organization to enforce policies agreed upon by the member organization depends on the level of cooperation between the member states. The cooperation between member states is, however, dependent on the creation of the multilateral organization. For instance, organizations that started with few memberships tend to have deep cooperation compared to those that started with many members. The ability of multilateral organizations to survive is dependent on the ability of the members to compromise some demands to appease other nations.(1683 words)