NGR6172 – Herbal Supplements (discussion question)
The practice of using herbal supplements dates back thousands of years. Today, there is a renewal in the use of herbal supplements among American consumers. However, herbal supplements are not for everyone. In fact, some herbal products may cause problems for people treatments for chronic ailments. Because they are not subject to scrutiny by the FDA or other governing agencies, the use of herbal supplements is controversial.
Herbal supplements are products made from plants for use in the treatment and management of certain diseases and medical conditions. Many prescription drugs and over-the-counter medicines are also made from plant derivatives. These products contain only purified ingredients and, unlike herbal supplements, are closely regulated by the FDA. Herbal supplements may contain entire plants or plant parts. Herbal supplements come in all forms: dried, chopped, powdered, capsule, or liquid, and can be used in various ways.
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Please address the following: 200WORDS PER QUESTION
- Discuss advantages and disadvantages of dietary supplements, including adverse reactions, drug-drug interactions, drug-food interactions, and specific laboratory issues that may arise from using these products.
- Discuss the position of the FDA and other governmental agencies on over the counter herbal supplements. Support your post with at least 2 evidenced-based guidelines published within the last 5 years.
Requirements: .doc file
Dietary supplements constitute herbal medicines and natural products. However, there are medical reasons that clinicians prescribe a combination of drugs as a mode of treatment. The benefits of drug-to-drug interaction are improving drug bioavailability, increasing the absorption rate of drugs in the stomach lining or small intestines, and plasma concentrations variability (Jargin et al., 2019). For instance, medical research shows that St. John’s Wort is of value when consumed with drugs that are mediated by active metabolites. In the case of drug and food interaction, there are herbal supplements that cannot be consumed on an empty stomach, such as antibiotics or drugs containing acids. Food in the stomach reduces corrosive reactions, which creates ulcers and maximizes the rate of drug absorption and bioavailability. Some of the limitations of drug and drug or food interaction include risk for liver damage or kidney failure, potential bleeding, stomach irritation, slow rate of drug absorption, nausea, and abdominal pains (Jargin et al., 2019). Lastly, herbal supplements and natural products are not subjected to any laboratory tests and are consumed without any medical prescription. The general population believes that they are safe without knowing they can be toxic and may have significant side effects.