Format and Word Count:
The student’s work should be a well-evidenced and documented research paper of around 1200 words and is allocated 100 points.
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The Research Paper should include a list of references (print and electronic) at the end of your paper in addition to in- text citation as per the requirements of the Harvard Citation & Referencing Style. Proper referencing is a serious academic requirement and skill and will be rewarded accordingly.
Broad Research Topics to Choose ONE from:
1) Pollution and Environment
2) Digital Learning
3) Growing population
4) Social Media and Violence
5) Role of woman in Literature
Requirements and Guidelines:
- Select ONE broad topic and narrow it down.
- Write your research question in relation to the selected broad research topic.
- Collect related resources.
- Use at least FIVE different resources to evidence your paper. Resources types should vary to include at least THREE of the following:
- Online journal(s)
- Books (with one author/multiple authors)
- Articles in edited books
- Media resources (interview, series, documentary)
- An encyclopedia entry
- Use resources for in-text citation and referencing. You should be able to give direct quotations, paraphrasing as well as summarizing to evidence your argument. This should follow the Harvard in-text citation style.
- Write a thesis statement that well reflects your research question.
- Produce an edited and a proofread research paper of 1200 words.
- Produce a List of References page following the Harvard Referencing Style.
- Avoid Plagiarism.
Note on the PT3 Form:
The tutor’s comments that appear here on the PT3 form and on the script of the student’s TMA
should be taken seriously by the student as mentioned in the Course Guide.
TMA Marking Descriptor
|GRADE||CONTENT||LANGUAGE & ORGANIZATION|
|Excellent answers showing confident
and wide-ranging knowledge of core material, good understanding of any relevant theory, and a capacity to address the question in a structural, direct and effective way, thoughtfully and with insight. Originality of thought or ideas from outside the course are an added asset. Examples are to the point.
|– Has an introduction defining plan of
– Body divided into several paragraphs
– Conclusion which directly relates arguments to topic.
– Evidence that essay has been edited.
– Error-free grammar & register.
– Wide range of specialized terminology.
– Consistent in-text citation and form
|B to B+||Very good answers showing secure knowledge of course materials. Adopting an analytical approach and||– First four criteria above maintained
– Demonstrates extensive grammar control.
|(16-17)||providing relevant discussion
Covering most of the key issues. Distinguished from A answers by being less insightful or by showing less comprehensive knowledge of the course.
|– Terminology specialized but less
– Minor Inconsistency in in-text citation and referencing
|C to C+
|Competent answers reflecting
adequate knowledge of the more directly relevant course material and concepts, with reasonable structure and adequate coherence related to the question set.
|– Introduction and/or conclusion short
but still satisfactory.
– Evidence of editing.
– Less grammar control than above.
– Good range of specialized terminology.
– Inconsistent in in-text citation and referencing
|Answers which omit some concepts
/evidence and/or lack coherence
/structure, and/or make minor errors while still demonstrating basic understanding. Or Bare pass answers which show awareness of some relevant material and attempt to relate it to the question.
|– Introduction and/or conclusion short
– no evidence of editing.
– Few grammatical errors that impede communication.
– Above average range of specialized terminology.
– Slightly confused introduction and/or conclusion, but body still fair.
– No evidence of editing.
– Some error types that impede communication.
– Fair range of specialized terminology.
– Inaccurate in-text citation and referencing
|Answers which attempt to draw upon
relevant material but do not reflect sufficient knowledge of the course and/or neglect the focus required by the question, and/or are incomplete in some important aspects whilst being acceptable in others.
|– No introduction and /or no
– Body badly organized or irrelevant.
– Poor grammar control (extremely limited range of grammar & register).
– Limited or not specialized range of
– No in-text citations and no referencing
Today, the transportation industry is well established, considering that many people own cars. Many countries have developed their economies, thus creating employment opportunities for many people. As a result, many people across the world have enough income to satisfy their basic needs as well as buy cars. Some buy cars for personal use and others for businesses. Whatever the purpose, these cars use gasoline or diesel to keep engines running. However, when petrol or diesel fuels are used in cars, they emit dangerous gases to the environment. These gases include particulate matters, greenhouse gasses, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxide, and carbon monoxide. When these gases get into the air, they may cause harm to living things as well as contributing to global warming. According to Schnelle Jr, Dunn, and Ternes (2015), the emission of gases from motor vehicles is the main contributor to air pollution. Since cars are part of people’s day-to-day life, they cannot be eliminated. But, it is necessary to study specific harmful effects of car emissions and provide solutions to those effects. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to look at the negative consequences of gases emitted by cars and the measures that should remedy those impacts. This paper seeks to answer the research question, in what ways does car emissions impact the environment and what should be done about it?