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Information and technology

Key differences between data, information, information technology (IT), and information systems (IS)

In this unit, you have learned about management information systems (MIS) and the importance of it. For this assignment, compose a paper that discusses the key differences between data, information, information technology (IT), and information systems (IS). Your paper should address the components listed below.

  • Define what is meant by information.
  • Define what is meant by data.
  • Create two matrices (one for data and one for information) that illustrate the key differences between information and data, place the matrices into your paper, and briefly discuss the differences in one or two paragraphs. Each matrix should contain characteristics and/or facts about the subjects (data and information) that show how they are different.
  • Define IT.
  • Define IS.
  • Using the five-component model as an example, discuss some differences between IT and IS.

If you are using Microsoft Word, you can develop a matrix using this program. For an example of how to create a matrix using Microsoft Word, see the Microsoft.com explanation by clicking the link below.

Microsoft. (n.d.). Create a matrix. Retrieved from https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Create-a-matrix-0E74423D-2E28-4DEB-9223-A30C2312CC22

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You may use another computer software program that you are familiar with to create the matrices. However, you must submit your assignment in a Microsoft Word document, and the matrices should be included in the body of your paper.

Your paper must be a minimum of two pages in length (not counting the title and reference pages), and you must use at least two resources as references. Any information from these resources must be cited and referenced in APA format.

Answer preview

There exist distinct differences between data and information as well as between information systems and information technology. Data refers to characteristics collected in observations, while information refers to data components interpreted in a meaningful way. Data and information differ in terms of representation, level of usefulness, and meaning, among others. IT and information systems (IS) differ in terms of the number of components. IS has five critical components, while IT has four.(660 words)