Pharmacodynamics of psychopharmacological

Goal: To analyze and apply critical thinking skills in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of psychopharmacological agents for patient treatment and health promotion while applying evidence-based research.



Chapter 11, Case 1 Lotus is a 36-year-old Asian American female who recently started a new executive position with an advertising firm. While she loves her new job and the field of advertising, she admits that the new schedule is grueling and that she often doesn’t get home until quite late. She has noticed that it is difficult for her to relax before getting to bed and her mind often wanders to the many tasks she needs to complete when she returns to work in the morning. These “racing thoughts” result in significant initial insomnia, causing her to be alert for nearly an hour or more before she is able to fall asleep. When questioned about these symptoms, she claims that she has never seen a therapist before, doesn’t consider herself to be anxious or depressed, and has never had a problem with sleeping in the past. There are no worries of money or health-related issues, and she claims to enjoy her job and the people with whom she works. She even does not find these thoughts unpleasant, as she uses the time to plan her next day. She admits that they are just a bit intrusive and that she really needs to wind down and get more rest.
Questions: Remember to answer these questions from your textbooks and clinical guidelines to create your evidence based treatment plan. At all times, explain your answers.

1.    Summarize the clinical case.

2.    Create a list of the patient’s problems and prioritize them.

3.    Which pharmacological treatment would you prescribe? Include the rationale for this treatment.

4.    Which non-pharmacological treatment would you prescribe?   Include the rationale for this treatment.

5.    Include an assessment of treatment’s appropriateness, cost, effectiveness, safety, and potential for patient adherence.


Submission Instructions:

  • Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources. Your initial post is worth 8 points.
  • You should respond to at least two of your peers by extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts. Your reply posts are worth 2 points (1 point per response.)
  • All replies must be constructive and use literature where possible.
  • Please post your initial response by 11:59 PM ET Thursday, and comment on the posts of two classmates by 11:59 PM ET Sunday.

Answer preview

with a meal or before one (Sateia et al., 2017). Zolpidem costs approximately $3.30, and since Lotus will be taking one tablet per day for two weeks, the total cost will be $46.2. Numerous studies have established the effectiveness and safety of using CBT to treat insomnia (Parsons et al., 2021). With regard to the cost of this non-pharmacologic intervention, one session normally lasts for approximately 50 minutes and costs $200. Since Lotus will be going to 8 sessions (one per week), the total cost will be $1600. Additionally, since Lotus wishes to get better sleep and rest, her adherence to the prescribed medication regimen and her CBT sessions is expected to be high.

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Pharmacodynamics of psychopharmacological