Science-based evidence

Why will people defend their beliefs even in the face of opposing evidence? Why will they come up with reasons to defend their internalized beliefs?

Head-on attempts to persuade people to change their minds about their beliefs by providing them with science-based evidence that contradicts their beliefs sometimes “backfires”. This backfiring can range from ignoring scientific evidence to using that evidence to support their original beliefs. This has been shown to occur with topics as diversified as climate change, creationism, afterlife, religion (and the four horsemen) 15th and 16th century refusals to believe that the earth was not the center of the universe, etc. This question is not asking specifically about “soul beliefs”, but about internalized beliefs in general. Be sure to include references for The Anatomy of Internalized Beliefs, Terror Management Theory, After Life & Out of Body, Big Ideas and Big Controversies and the Psychology and Scientific Thinking Chapter.

In a 3-page double-spaced paper (12 pt, New Times Roman font) write a well-documented (cite readings and lectures) essay that demonstrates in-depth knowledge from the course that bears on the topic of the need to protect and defend certain worldviews and how these relate to fighting evolution in the school system. Develop this theme in a logical and cohesive essay with your conclusions indicated at the end of the essay. List the citations of the lectures and readings that you used in crafting your essay.

Grading Rubric

____ 25 pts in-depth analysis of the topic with course information

____ 15 pts Logical & cohesive essay with proper grammar and spelling

____ 5 pts in-text-citations with lecture/reading name and reference page

____ 5 pts Address all of the lecture material indicated in the prompt


I have some links and articles if you think that can help you!

Answer preview

Further, learning makes people act from instincts, and with continuous practice, this becomes an ingrained habit that helps them defend their beliefs. A practical example given by Ogilvie and Anglin (4) is the constant practice of applying sunscreen when exposed to the sun. People act from instinct based on the belief that the sun rays can cause skin cancer. The same case applies to what children are taught when growing up. They learn to believe in the Almighty to avoid the consequences of suffering in hell. What people learn from childhood to adulthood becomes challenging to shed, becoming an everyday practice. These repetitive actions strengthen people’s beliefs, where Hamilton (1) discloses that primary caregivers, religious leaders, and teachers play a significant role in teaching children to uphold good morals.

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Science-based evidence

Landscape Designing

Write a total of 3-page single spacing, on comparing these two articles on the topic of climate change.

Summary of both article ( about 1 page)

Compare (1 page)-Maybe talk about how resilience climate change design can help? These designs can be flood control, green building. Different state has different actions.

Personal perspective (a little more than 1 page)-Maybe talk about how Stormwater management is a key role? what kind of stormwater management method there are? How they are different in different state? What role landscape architects play?

Just some ideas.

Requirements:   |   .doc file | Comparative Essay | 3 pages, Single spaced

Answer preview

The environment is critical for the survival of the livings. It is the duty of countries and all people across the world to take care of the environment. Tapley, Watkins, Flechtner, Reigber, Bettadpur, Rodell, & Velicogna (2019) highlight that the health of the environment equally supports human health. Climate change is a hot topic in this 21st century.  It has received a fundamental concern from nations all over the world and other stakeholders.  They join hands to try to mitigate rapid climate change as it is experienced in different parts of the world.  According to Pecl, Araújo, Bell, Blanchard, Bonebrake, Chen, & Williams (2017), global warming has a significant cause of climate.  It is estimated that the world’s global temperature is dramatically increasing more than it is expected.  Such an increase has harmful impacts on humans as well as other organisms.  Scientists allude that human activities cause global warming.  Continuous burning of fossils and deforestation increases the emission of carbon (IV) Oxide gas in the atmosphere, which causes a greenhouse effect.  The carbon (IV) Oxide in the atmosphere wears out the ozone layer, which shields the world from the harmful sun rays. As Tapley et al. (2019) outline, climate change is expected to cause some unprecedented and adverse impacts to places where people can stay, build infrastructures, grow their food, and so on.  Climate change has been connected with some of the unprecedented events such as Tsunami, drought, and heavy rains exhibited in various parts of the world like Nepal, Zambia, Bangladesh, and so on.  Climate change has been associated with an increase in the ocean level, especially in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans. The rise of ocean levels has been caused by the massive breakdown of icebergs or glaciers.

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Landscape Designing

. Environmental health.

Nature itself presents hazards to human health, including disease, natural poisons, and radiation. Regulators use a process called environmental risk assessment to decide whether they need to take risk management steps in relation to a risk. In this activity, you will carry out three steps of an environmental risk assessment called release analysis, exposure analysis, and health effects analysis. This activity will require outside research in addition to the textbook and will set the stage for a larger assignment in Week 4.


Write a 1-2 page paper using the following instructions.

Select an environmental risk that occurs in nature, and research information about its release, exposure scenarios, and health effects. The specific data in each area of the analysis will depend on the environmental risk you choose. Write at least one paragraph for each analysis:

  1. Release Analysis: Identify the contaminant, and how it is released, measured, or detected. Include units of measurement, setting for the release, and scientific fields related to the contamination or measurement.
  2. Exposure Analysis: Analyze the risk of exposure such as settings in which people encounter the risk or plausible scenarios in which exposure occurs.
  3. Health Effects Analysis: Estimate the risks to human health, including short and long-term effects, demographic groups at risk, and health effects on individuals and populations.
  4. Use 1-2 sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your source page at least one time within your assignment. For help with research, writing, and citation, access the library

Links to an external site. or review library guides

  1. Links to an external site..

This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). The library is your home for SWS assistance, including citations and formatting. Please refer to the Library site

Links to an external site. for all support. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.


Requirements: 2 pages

Answer preview

The final phase of an environmental risk assessment is undertaking a health effect analysis. Doing this allows an investigator to estimate the risk a hazard poses to people’s health, including short- and long-term health impacts, the demographic groups at risk, as well as the health impacts on individuals and communities. A heat wave can have adverse health impacts on individuals and populations (Disher et al., 2021). These adverse health impacts are not solely caused by the heat itself but also by other attributes, such as the intensity, duration, and frequency of a heat wave (Disher et al., 2021). Furthermore, a heat wave often covers an extensive area, exposing many people to hazardous heat, which can be immensely taxing on a person’s body (Disher et al., 2021). A person’s body struggles to cool itself when it is immensely hot. This causes the body’s temperature to risk, increasing the risk of experiencing a heat-related illness such as heat cramps, heat strokes, or heat exhaustion (Disher et al., 2021). Heat waves can also lead to death. For instance, in the United States, heat waves in British Columbia, Oregon,

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