Economics of Federalism

Since the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, relations among state governments and the national government have grown to be much more interdependent. Whereas states once enjoyed greater autonomy (dual federalism), the additional demands placed on government (at all levels) has fostered an evolution of federalism, whereby the federal government now plays a much more pronounced role in local and state affairs, with respect to a whole host of issues (including healthcare, education, public safety, transportation, etc.).

  1. Describe block grants, categorical grants, and unfunded mandates. How do they demonstrate fiscal federalism?
  2. Explain which funding mechanism states prefer. Why? Which funding mechanism does the federal government prefer? Why?
  3. Describe how both state and federal governments participate in the provision of medical care to low-income residents.
  4. In Arizona, low-income residents receive healthcare coverage through the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System (AHCCCS). How is AHCCCS funded (e.g., categorical grants)? What are the eligibility requirements, and who sets them? How do the basic conditions set by the federal government constrain AHCCCS?
  5. Assess the effectiveness of federal aid to state and local communities, particularly as it relates to healthcare coverage.

Use two to three scholarly resources to support your explanations.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, please include an introduction and conclusion

Requirements: 750 words

Answer preview

The government plays a considerable goal in aiding local and state communities to access health services.  The government expanded the healthcare system to make it affordable with lower income. Initially, people with lower income were exempted from health coverage. Through the expanded Medicare program in collaboration with states, Medicare programs, both federal and state government, increases the eligibility of the people with low income and those with preexisting conditions, thus reducing the health coverage and accessibility inequities in the county (Lambrew, & Mishory, 2018).  Expansion of affordable care allows low-income people to access affordable and quality health services, thus building a healthy community.

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Economics of Federalism