The Role of the Nurse in Global Health

Discussion 1

The Role of the Nurse in Global Health

In this week’s media presentation, Dr. Louise Fitzpatrick shared how health and disease are global issues. She pointed out that with the mobility of today’s population, health issues experienced in one area of the world are easily brought to other areas of the world through such means as travel and immigration. They can also be brought to a nation’s doorstep through the migration of animals, insects, and birds. Consider the spread of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, avian flu, H1N1, or SARS. These diseases have quickly crossed oceans and spread to multiple countries. They are a public health concern in the United States as well as other countries.

To prepare for this Discussion:

·        Reflect on Dr. Fitzpatricks’s comments in this week’s media presentation; specifically, on the role of the BSN nurse in public and global health.

·        Select one health problem that you will use as a basis of comparison between countries.

·        Identify one developed and one developing country.

·        Compare and contrast the health problems and countries you selected with the United States in terms of World Health Organization (WHO) outcomes. In your analysis, be sure to include information about workforce availability to deal with the country’s disease burden.

·        Based on your examination of the research, how well is the United States performing in terms of public health as compared to the developed and developing countries you selected?

·        Think about what countries with worse outcomes could learn from countries with better outcomes.

·        Think about why nurses should be concerned with global health issues and what the role of the nurse should be in public health.

By Day 3

Post your analysis of one health problem between one developed and one developing country in comparison with the United States in terms of the WHO outcomes and criteria listed above. State your opinion about how well the United States is doing in terms of public health. Share what you think countries with worse outcomes could learn from countries with better outcomes. Explain the nurse’s role in public and global health and why nurses should be concerned with global health issues. Conclude by summarizing your view of the role of the nurse in public health.

Support your response with references from the professional nursing literature.

Note Initial Post: A 3-paragraph (at least 350 words) response. Be sure to use evidence from the readings and include in-text citations. Utilize essay-level writing practice and skills, including the use of transitional material and organizational frames. Avoid quotes; paraphrase to incorporate evidence into your own writing. A reference list is required. Use the most current evidence (usually ≤ 5 years old).


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Answer preview

Health and diseases are a global issue. An example of a health problem is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is a significant public and global health issue. Globally the disease has claimed close to 33 million people. Nevertheless, there have been improvements in access to prevention, diagnosis, and care for HIV and opportunistic infections in many nations, making it a manageable condition (WHO, 2020).  Still, variability in success exists between developed and developing nations. The differences can be evidenced by comparing developing countries, for example, Nigeria, and developed country example, the U.K., with the USA. Nigeria is among the countries with the largest number of HIV/AIDS cases in the world. The increased prevalence in Nigeria is due to heterosexual transmission, low access to quality healthcare, inefficient and ineffective services, among other causes.