8 to 10-page paper covers a topic of philosophy; Aesthetic. The paper will be written in APA Style 7th Edition with title page, narrative, and reference page. I chose this topic because I believe that everything has some type of beauty and someone’s trash is another mans treasure. I also believe that everyone shows emotions even when they do not think that they are, we cannot go a day without expressing some form of emotion.

Requirements: 8-10 pages


this was my discussion response, I hope this helps!

  1. Does an object have aesthetic value only if it serves some function? Are art objects valuable in themselves, without any functions? Explain.

I do not think that an object can only have aesthetic value only if it serves some sort of function. But I do believe that all objects have a function. The function of Art work is for the artist to express themselves and showcase their talents. Along with the people buying said art work, the function is to add personality to where ever they place the art work. Name one thing that does not in some form or way have a function to our lives? Nose hair, can be an object, the function is to help prevent bacteria from getting inside our bodies.

  1. Is it possible to rationally examine an object, person, or thing devoid of emotion/feeling? If so, how so or how not?

I do not believe that you can examine an object, person or thing and devoid of emotion and feeling. I think that we as humans, even when we try not to show emotion or feeling that no matter we do. With that being sad I believe that we can not rationally examine something without some sort of emotion or feeling. For example, you look at a piece of art and someone ask “you how do you feel about this art piece? ” In which you respond ” I don’t know”, but who says that the feeling of not knowing isn’t a feeling? And if they did why cannot be? Not knowing something to me is just as much as a feeling or emotion as any other typical feeling or emotion. Just like when people say they want to be “normal”, well ok, but what exactly is “normal”? My normal is not the same as your normal, so how we do define someone’s feelings when they use the expression ” I don’t know”. I just feel as almost it is impossible to not have or show some type of feeling or emotion, it is as if it is in our human nature. Those feelings and emotions are what define us and help people understand who we are just like those art pieces and object etc., by explaining what you believe their value is and how you see them.

Answer preview

One of the 18th-century philosophers who examined the concept of aesthetics was the Earl of Shaftesbury. He came up with a vital distinction that still holds water today. Shaftesbury distinguished between enjoying something due to the benefit it brings them and enjoying something for the sake of it, or rather just because it should be enjoyed (Townsend, 2013). Shaftesbury dealt with the question of how is it that a person’s experience can be both subjective and, to some extent, also objective and universal. He argued that the world’s beauty and people’s creations push a person’s mind towards a greater appreciation of the beauty of the creation and its creator (Townsend, 2013). David Hume took a different approach when dealing with the same issue. Hume did away with the concept of the creator of beauty, arguing that people move with their imagination towards recognizing some utility, irrespective of whether this recognition is accurate or not.

[2628 Words]


Branches of Philosophy

Read sources and answer the following questions. Each response should be at least 4-5 sentences. USE Branches of Philosophy, AND Part 2 Branches of Philosophy. Don’t forget to cite if using information from the text.

1. Based on what you learned about the branches of philosophy, how would you describe the character of philosophy? Use your own words.

2. Based on what you learned about the branches of philosophy, how does Logic serve as a foundation for “doing” philosophy?

3. Based on the readings in this section, what does Socrates say about why people do bad things?

4. Based on your readings in this section, what is Hedonism?

5. Based on your readings in this section, what is the primary motive of human behavior, according to the Greek Skeptics?

Answer preview

Socrates is considered the father of Western ethics, and he explores the concept and the reason behind doing good and evil. In his theory, Socrates posits that people indulge in wrong actions due to ignorance. He claims that there is only one good, knowledge, and one bad; ignorance, whereby knowledge is regarded as self-awareness; therefore, people who do bad indulge in such acts unintentionally. This is so because Socrates claims that if people knew the right thing to do, they would not be associated with doing bad things. In his argument, people will always do the things they believe will produce positive effects; however, due to ignorance, people end up doing bad things. If people who do bad things were aware of their actions, they would not do the wrong things. Thus, these people do bad things because they believe it is good for them. People will choose the actions they deem to be good for them in the same way; people who do bad things believe that what they are doing is good, despite their efforts being evil.

[963 Words]


Branches of Philosophy

Criminal justice case

The purpose of the final project is to address theoretical and practical aspects of the complex relationship between mercy and punishment and to analyze, compare, and evaluate arguments.

A five-page (single-spaced) advocacy paper in response to an actual or imagined criminal justice case that argues in favor of or against the exercise of mercy in the case (drawing on thinkers philosophers)

Requirements: five-page (single-spaced)


 please let me know what case you’ll choose.

Answer preview

Aristotle is another renowned philosopher who waded into the discourse about punishment and Mercy. Aristotle used “Nicomachean Ethics” to discuss virtue and justice, advancing the school of thought that punishment should be proportional or commensurate to an individual’s offense (Metz & Metz, 2022). According to Aristotle, justice entails ensuring every person gets what is due to them (Metz & Metz, 2022). Aristotle also posited that punishment serves two purposes. First, it seeks to deter people from embracing harmful actions. Second, it aims to restore the balance of justice disrupted by harm or offense (Metz & Metz, 2022). As such, to ensure these objectives are attained, Aristotle argues that the punishment leveled for an offense should be commensurate to the seriousness of the offense. Aristotle’s conceptualization of proportionate punishment was informed by the desire to promote equity and fairness (Metz & Metz, 2022). According to Aristotle, individuals should be perceived and treated as per their actions and moral culpability (Metz & Metz, 2022). By suggesting this, Aristotle was acknowledging that varying offenses cause varying levels of harm and have different moral significance. In line with this, punishment must be tailored to reflect the seriousness of the offense as well as the severity of the harm imposed by those affected by it (Metz & Metz, 2022). Aristotle’s emphasis on proportional punishment also considers the notion of deterrence. By guaranteeing that the punishment leveled for an offense matches its severity and harm, likely offenders will be dissuaded from perpetrating similar actions due to the apprehension of dealing

[3305 Words]

Criminal justice case

U.S correctional facilities

Write two paragraphs regarding the German system and how it’s clearly based on a different philosophy of human nature because the conditioning techniques they use are quite different in many ways from the style of behaviorism practiced here in the U.S. prison system. Your first paragraph should be 4-6 sentences long and explain what you think are the three most important differences in how the German system treats its prisoners compared to the system we have here in the United States. This paragraph should reference direct and specific examples from the video clip. In your second paragraph of 4-6 sentences offer your overall impression and opinion after watching the video. What do you like and dislike about their system? Do you think it could work well here in the U.S.?

This youtube is necessary to view: The German prison program that inspired Connecticut – YouTube

Requirements: 1-2 Pages

Answer preview

Germany relies mostly on fines and community-based sentencing and not prison sentencing. That is why many German prisons are not crowded. Unlike the U.S, some people have spent years in prison awaiting trial, and that’s why prisons are overcrowded with no leisure time. Separating prisoners from their family members is traumatizing already, and therefore, German prisons try as much as possible to make them feel at home.

From the video, I can say that Germans treat treats prisoners with a lot of humanity so that they don’t stress the correctional officers. Their use of weekend gate-away and rehabilitation helps them recover in a way that will be easy to interact with the community

[403 Words]

U.S correctional facilities

Psychological egoism

Egoism is a broad ethical doctrine that claims moral decisions are (and, in some cases, should be) made in self-interest. At the opposite end of the spectrum would be Altruism (also sometimes called benevolence), which states that decisions can (and, in some cases should) be completely selfless. Hobbes argues that even apparently altruistic acts can be viewed through egoism (as selfish) in that a person may gain a good feeling or some other benefit by helping others. His opponents would argue that this is a pessimistic or negative worldview. What do you think? Do you believe moral decisions/actions can be selfless? Or are all of our decision made with at least some self-interest in mind? Whatever your opinion, explain your reasoning.

Requirements: 200 Words

Answer preview

the driver’s behavior is altruistically motivated (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2020). The driver’s actions show genuine care towards the children’s wellbeing. Hence, I acknowledge that an individual’s actions can be selfless due to the intuitive nature of kindness and helping others improve their welfare. Being selfless is a choice an individual makes for the good and wellbeing of others. However, these actions may not be merely right to others, but this does not prevent the altruistic individuals from being charitable.

[245 Words]

Psychological egoism

Logical fallacies

Tittle: Fallacies to Persuade and Possibly Manipulate
Choose Topic: Philosophy
Number of Pages: 1

Question Description: (GerMeka)
W3: Fallacies to Persuade and Possibly Manipulate
Goal: Observe how logical fallacies are used to persuade and at times, manipulate.

Course Objectives: CO2


Advertisements exist to sell you a product. It might be soap, music, political positions, or ideas. Most advertisements use a variety of logical fallacies to persuade but some use them to subtlety or overtly manipulate the intended audience.

Find an ad. You don’t have to repeat the entire ad, only enough to familiarize us with it…

(1) name the fallacy it commits

(2) define the fallacy and

(3) explain in detail how this ad is an example of this fallacy.

Perform the given exercise to understand it better.


The appeal to ignorance is a fallacy based on the assumption that a statement must be true if it cannot be proven false — or false if it cannot be proven true.

An ad claims that “Nobody has ever proved to me that Shrest Whitening Strips are harmful” which erroneously implies that you know they aren’t.
– Review the list of logical fallacies in your content and study the ads presented.

– Select at least two (2) ads that you feel represent two (2) different logical fallacies.

– Determine how the language and images of the ads appeal to the consumer; identify the kinds of fallacies being used; and describe what needs or insecurities the ads are trying to reach.

– Explain the ads’ effectiveness.

Answer preview

Customers will tend to purchase the products since the ad shows the threat’s possibility and offers a solution to prevent the risk. This is a logical fallacy since it is based on the assumption that a particular threat or risk can occur to the customer even if there is no evidence of its existence. An ad example of a home security company presents a robber breaking into a house with only children in an aired commercial. This ad creates fear in parents that their children can be attacked when left alone at home. The company presents its products as a solution to the fear.

399 Words]


Logical fallacies

Health care providers and nursing students

Your paper should include the following:

Discuss personal philosophy of nursing.

Articulate changes in personal philosophy over time.
Discuss factors that impacted change in the personal philosophy of nursing.

Submission Instructions:

  • The paper is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation, and misspelling.
  • The paper should be formatted per current APA and 3-5 pages in length, excluding the title, abstract, and references page. Incorporate a minimum of 3 current (published within the last five years) scholarly journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work.
  • . This assignment is submitted through Turnitin. The plagiarism score MUST be 20% or less

Requirements: 3-5 pages

Answer preview

Even though no individual is perfect, my strengths have significantly helped me thrive in my nursing career. Self-confidence has enabled me to face challenges along the way, while emotional maturity and self-discipline have enabled me to effectively deal equally with all the patients and colleagues for the ultimate goal of providing quality health care services. As nursing continues to advance and progress in the 21st century, increased engagement and advancement of the knowledge and expertise base of the nurses is crucial for the discipline’s survival and ensuring it effectively fulfills its mandate. Developing a personal philosophy of nursing is one of the steps in identifying areas that require advancement for efficient and effective delivery of high-quality care to patients and their families.

[1022 Words]

Health care providers and nursing students

Empirical premise

Instructions. Read Carefully! Please answer three of the following questions in approximately two typed, double-spaced pages each. You may consult your notes and any assigned readings you think might be helpful. If you wish—though I don’t consider it necessary—you may also consult library materials. However, under no circumstances should you consult any Internet materials. In avoiding even the appearance of plagiarism, err on the side of caution. Be sure to credit every source you use, and to provide specific page references for every quotation or paraphrase. Extended quotations are discouraged. You may visit us in the office at any time during the examination period, though don’t be surprised if we try, in a Socratic vein, to get you to reach your own answers to the questions, rather than laying out ours. You may also discuss the exam with your classmates, prior to writing it. Once you have started the actual writing, classmates and other fellow students are off limits.You may not share your completed exam, in whole or in part, with anyone who has yet to submit his or her own exam.

Your answers will be evaluated primarily on the clarity of your reasoning. Each answer is worth 5 points.

Exams must be turned in on Canvas. You are only allowed one submission, so include all three of your essays in a single file! To ensure compatibility, you are required to use Microsoft Word format. You may turn in your exam early, but because this is a timed exercise, no late papers will be accepted. You are responsible for retaining a backup, either on paper or disk. No hardcopy or email submissions will be accepted under any circumstances.

  1. According to Charles Darwin in Descent of Man, how many races of humanity are there, and why?
  2. What is St. Anselm’s argument for the existence of God, and how might one challenge it?
  3. Explain the “optimism” to which Voltaire refers in the subtitle of Candide, and describe Voltaire’s assessment of it.
  4. What is the challenge posed by Glaucon and Adeimantus in Republic II, and how does Socrates propose to address it?
  5. Explain the myth of Gyges as it occurs in Republic II, and its significance in the context of the dialogue.
  6. What is Cartesian skepticism, and how might we refute it?
  7. Explain foundationalism.

Answer preview

Cartesian skepticism is a type of methodological doubt advanced by Rene Descartes. In much simpler terms, Cartesian skepticism denotes a systematic approach to doubting the truthfulness of the beliefs held by a person (Pereira 245). Many people within the philosophy disciple perceive the methodology advanced by Descartes as the foundation of the contemporary empirical approach (Pereira 245). When coming up with the methodology, Descartes doubted the truthfulness of all the beliefs he held. By doing this, Descartes was seeking to establish which of his beliefs were actually true. This approach laid the foundation for the statement he made “I doubt therefore I think, I think therefore I exist” (Pereira 245). Under his methodology of Cartesian skepticism, Descartes argued that people should only accept information they know is true, break down these truths into smaller factions, begin by solving simple challenges,

[2012 Words]

Empirical premise

philosophy of moral absolutism

moral rules contained in your religions moral code You try to live strictly by the moral rules contained in your religion’s moral code. The two most important rules are “Be merciful” (don’t give people what they deserve) and “Be just” (give people exactly what they deserve). Now suppose a man is arrested for stealing food from your house, and the police leave it up to you whether he should be prosecuted for his crime or set free. Should you be merciful and set him free, or be just and make sure he is appropriately punished? How do you resolve this conflict of rules? Can your moral code resolve it? To what moral principles or theories do you appeal? Needs to be answered using course textbook, doing ethics Inquisitive by Lewis Vaughn

Requirements: 350 words -400 words

Answer preview

In my view, my moral reasoning for being just would be inclined to teach the man that stealing is not a solution when they cannot afford what they desire. However, I would take the time to understand the man’s intent for stealing and determine if he was remorseful or did it as a habit. Hence, I would resolve the conflict by applying the philosophy of moral absolutism, which emphasize that deeds have inherent values of either right or wrong despite the motivating aspect behind them (Vaughn, 2018). For instance, although the man’s motivation was to get food to feed his starving family, I would still consider the stealing act immoral. I believe the man could have taken a morally sound decision, such as requesting assistance. Otherwise, failing to take an act of justice would likely increase a repeat pattern of stealing.

[386 Words]

philosophy of moral absolutism