Epidemiological method

Tittle: Epidemiological method
Choose Topic: Health and Medical
Select number of pages: 4

Question Description: Please find the attached 2 different coursework. 2 pages each.

Assignment 1

Epidemiological methods are used in a variety of public health areas (including infectious disease, chronic disease, and social health) and settings (including the community, schools, and the workplace). Epidemiological methods are used to assess, describe, analyze, and make comparisons of populations to inform evidence-based practices, policies, and interventions. Propose a study based on the methods you have learned thus far designed to investigate an association within one of the public health areas listed (infectious disease, chronic disease, or social health) and the methods you would apply. Discuss and define the risk factor or exposure that is being assessed, the method of comparison that is used, and the setting or situation (community, school, workplace, etc.) your study would look to address. Consider the concepts of causal inference, measures of association, and study design.


Assignment 2

Race is often used as a descriptor of disease burden and helps us to determine where health disparities exist in order to address them, which is important. It is helpful to differentiate between race as a descriptor and race as a risk factor. Think about institutional racism and its influence on health. Consider the factors related to race and ethnicity that might be influencing disease status more than the genetics of race when answering this discussion question.

Consider the following statement: “Race is not a risk factor and should not be used in public health data collection.” Discuss the ethical and public health implications of this statement. When might collecting data on race perpetuate institutional racism leading to health disparities and when is it necessary to improve public health? Provide support and examples for your answer. Consider ethical issues related to respect for persons, beneficence, and justice as described in “The Belmont Report.”

Attachments area

Answer preview

Cancer is one of the leading chronic causes of mortality and morbidity across the American population. As the American population approach old age, cancer incidences, and mortality rates within the older population increase (White et al., 2019). Epidemiology studies play a vital role in cancer’s control and prevention by unfolding the distribution and determining risk factors. Epidemiologic researches and studies are crucial to cancer prevention and overall public health. Epidemiologic analyses and reviews are essential for cancer prevention and general public health (Guy Jr et al., 2017). Applied epidemiological study methods include descriptive, cross-sectional, ecologic, and analytic studies.