Victim and victimizer

In Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff is a complex character who functions as both victim and victimizer over the course of the novel. How is Heathcliff portrayed as a victim in the novel and how does he react to such victimization? Conversely, how is he depicted as a victimizer? Is his behavior as a victimizer justifiable? How does the complex characterization of Heathcliff contribute to the complexity and hybridity of the novel as a whole? Discuss Heathcliff’s character and his position in society using a coherent theoretical approach, such as postcolonial, psychoanalytical, or Marxist.

Important guidelines:

1. Using the E-library may be beneficial to your essay. Make sure the sources you cite are academic.

2. Divide your essay into 5-6 body paragraphs and discuss each question in a separate paragraph with examples and quotations from the work.

3. The word count should range from 1000-1200 words.

4. Revise the final document before submitting your TMA to avoid typos and grammatical mistakes.

5. Use the Harvard style of documentation.

Helpful sources:

Close, A. 2007, “Approaches to Teaching Brontë’s Wuthering Heights”, Gothic Studies, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 101-103.

LeJeune, J. 2017, “The Violent Take It by Force”: Heathcliff and the Vitalizing Power of Mayhem in “Wuthering Heights”, University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

McDonnell, J. 2013, “The Gothic, Postcolonialism and Otherness: Ghosts from Elsewhere”, The Irish Journal of Gothic and Horror Studies, no. 12, pp. 118-121.

Moussa, P.A. & Mehrvand, A. 2014, “Unwelcomed Civilization: Emily Brontë’s Symbolic Anti-Patriarchy in Wuthering Heights”, International Journal of Comparative Literature & Translation Studies, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 29-34.

Stoneman, P. 2011, ‘Rochester and Heathcliff and Romantic Heroes’, Bronte Studies, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 111-18

Requirements: 1000-1500

Answer preview

Based on the psychoanalytical approach, Heathcliff’s vengeful behavior portrays the repressed feelings and desires for hurting his tormentors. According to Moussa and Mehrvand (2014, p.31), Heathcliff’s character reflected his unconscious impulse to seek justice for the hostility he experienced when he started living with Earnshaw. As an outsider, Heathcliff meets a family with basic civilization, and the living environment of Wuthering Heights has “rebellious, uncultivated, free, and “as rude as savage inhabitants” (Moussa and Mehrvand, 2014, p.32). This means that the community members are primitive, vicious, and their civilization cannot compare

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Victim and victimizer